Creating An Impressive Literary Analysis Essay On The Necklace


Written by Henri Rene Albert Guy de Maupassant, the Necklace was first published in 1884. Originally, it was published in a French periodical called Le Gaulois. As soon as it was published, the story became an immediate success. Partly due to this success, Maupassant went on to publish a collection short stories titled Tales of Day and Night. Students in English and literature classes are generally unfamiliar with his other works, but they were also well-received by the critics.

  • Writing About the Necklace
  • In order to achieve a top score on a writing assignment, students must be familiar with the history of the Necklace. They can use the historical time period that the story was set within to help make assumptions about what the author is trying to say. Maupassant was a volunteer soldier in the army during the Franco-Prussian War and went on to serve in the Navy for ten years. Due to the influence of his friend, Gustave Flaubert and his mother, he ended up writing stories. While writing, he traveled frequently and used his experiences in the stories he wrote.

    As a leading influence in French literature, Maupassant had an influence on decades of writers. He thought that stories should be as close to objective reality as possible. Instead of being romantic or psychological, the story should follow a specific plot line. Knowing this background, students could write an interesting essay on the Necklace. They could compare how closely the Necklace follows reality and if the story is also an illusion. Students should consider the way that the Necklace demonstrates Maupassant's fascination with observation and objectivity.

  • The Surprise Ending
  • Another common theme for essays is the surprise ending that is written about in the Necklace. During the entirety of the story, the reader believes that Mathilde's misery is caused by losing the necklace. At the end of the story, it is suddenly realized that the misery was caused because she was not truthful about losing the necklace. Due to this, the reader could easily suppose that her future will remain less than favorable.

  • Irony
  • As any reader of the Necklace knows, the price that Mathilde pays for the necklace is far too high. In the beginning, she asks to borrow the necklace so that she can appear richer and more beautiful than normal. After losing the necklace, she begins working diligently to get the money to repay the loss. While working to recover the money for the locket, she ironically loses her beauty and becomes poorer. This ironic theme can be covered by students and supported by information in the text.


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